When pregnant, there are many things to do with greater care. One of them is eating. The reason is, several foods should be pregnancy foods to avoid because they have the potential to harm the health of the fetus in the womb.
Completing nutritional needs during pregnancy is mandatory to keep the fetus healthy and able to grow properly. Whatever is consumed by pregnant women will affect the fetus in the womb. Some foods are useful for fetal growth and development, but some foods actually endanger the health of the fetus, so pregnant women need to avoid them.
List of Foods that Pregnant Women Should Avoid
Although pregnant women are encouraged to eat various types of food, not all foods can be consumed by pregnant women. The following are some types of food and drink that pregnant women need to avoid:
Unpasteurized milk or cheese
Pasteurization is a heating process that kills bacteria in food or beverages, without destroying their nutritional content. Therefore, pregnant women should not consume milk that has not passed this process, because it could be that milk contains bacteria that can endanger the health of the little one in the womb.
Seafood that has high blood
Swordfish, mackerel, shark, tuna, and shellfish are some types of seafood that are high in mercury. If consumed in excess, mercury can cause pregnant women to experience disorders of the nerves, kidneys, and immune system. Also, the fetus can experience disabilities and growth problems.
If pregnant women want to eat seafood, the maximum recommended portion is 300 grams or about 2 servings per week.
Raw or undercooked fish
If pregnant women like to eat sushi, they should first avoid these foods during pregnancy. Eating raw or undercooked fish and shellfish can increase the risk of pregnant women experiencing infections.
Pregnant women can still eat fish and shellfish, as long as they are cooked until they are completely cooked.
Raw or undercooked meat
Always make sure the meat that pregnant women eat is cooked. This is very important because undercooked meat can contain harmful germs. When they enter the body of pregnant women, these germs can cause diseases, such as listeria, which can harm the fetus and the pregnant woman herself.
Unwashed fruit and vegetables
Don’t forget to always wash fruits and vegetables before pregnant women eat them. Otherwise, the germs and parasites that stick to the fruit or vegetable can cause infection.
One type of parasite that can contaminate fruit or vegetables is Toxoplasma. This parasite can cause blindness and brain disorders in the fetus.
Pregnant women should not eat offal carelessly, even though basically these foods have a lot of nutrients. Offal should only consume by pregnant women once a week, with sufficient portions. Eating too much offal can interfere with fetal growth and cause liver problems in pregnant women.
Raw eggs and foods made with raw eggs, such as fresh mayonnaise, are at risk of contamination by Salmonella bacteria.
These bacteria can cause infections that make pregnant women vomit, fever, diarrhea, and stomach cramps. In some cases, stomach cramps from this infection can even lead to preterm birth.
Actually, it is okay to consume caffeine while pregnant, but it must be limited. Caffeine found in coffee, tea, and chocolate has the potential to interfere with fetal development. Caffeine can even cause miscarriage if pregnant women consume too much.
During pregnancy, consumption of caffeine in a day should be no more than 200 mg, or about 2-3 cups of coffee, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Pregnant advise not to consume alcohol at all. Even in small amounts, alcohol can interfere with fetal development and increase the potential for miscarriage.
If pregnant women have allergies or certain diseases, other foods that need to avoid, of course, are foods that can trigger allergic reactions or worsen disease conditions. To be sure, consult directly with your gynecologist. The doctor will tell you what foods to avoid during pregnancy, according to the pregnant woman’s condition.