what does urine sugar 2 means?
Positive urine sugar 2 means glucose is found in your urine. Positive 2 indicates that the glucose found is quite high in number. Normally glucose will be reabsorbed by the kidneys during the process of filtering blood and making urine, so this glucose will no longer be found in urine.
Urine glucose is a routine urine test, a basic examination that can be used to carry out laboratory tests. Routine examination of urine glucose emphasizes the possibility of glucose in the urine or glucosuria.
The purpose of a urine glucose check is to see abnormalities in the kidneys and urinary tract. Glucose in urine can be detected in different ways.
The most common cause of urine sugar 2 is diabetes. Other, less common causes are the side effects of certain medications and a condition known as renal glycosuria (a condition that occurs due to impaired kidney tubular function).
In a case like this, you should bring the results of the examination back to the doctor who asked for an examination. That further evaluation can be carried out, for example, a blood test to see whether there is high glucose in the blood and kidney function.
What is a normal urine sugar level?
In the urine, 0 to 0.8 mmol/L is normal glucose (millimoles per liter). Greater measurement may be a symptom of a health condition. The main cause of high glucose levels is diabetes. A simple blood test is performed by your doctor to confirm the diagnosis.
Pregnancy may in certain circumstances result in elevated urine sugar levels. Pregnant women are often more likely than nonpregnant women to have higher urine sugar levels. If women already have higher glucose in their urine, gestational diabetes should be carefully checked when they get pregnant.
Higher urinary glucose levels can also be caused by renal glycosuria. The kidneys transfer glucose to the urine in an uncommon situation. Renal glycosuria may lead to high amounts of urine glucose even if the level of blood glucose is normal.
If your urine sugar test results are an anomaly, your doctor will examine your cause further. It is very crucial, to be honest with your doctor at this time.
Check for a list of any medications you are taking on a prescription or over-the-counter. Some drugs may interact with blood and urine glucose levels. If you have high stress, you should also notify your doctor, since it might enhance glucose levels.
On urine glucose examination what is the cause of positive 1? And what causes negative urine glucose?
On urinalysis, normally no glucose is detected. The presence of sugar in the urine is known as glucosuria. This condition can be caused by blood sugar levels that are too high, or the inability of the kidneys to absorb all the sugar substances in the body.
The presence of sugar in the urine can occur in diabetics or normal people who often or like to consume sweet drinks and also sufferers of kidney disease.
There are several causes of glucosuria, including:
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus
- Type 1 diabetes mellitus
- high sugar diet / consuming too much sugar gula
- liver cirrhosis
- hormone disorders
- Hyperglycemia caused by causes other than diabetes
The results of glycosuria on urinalysis alone do not directly establish the diagnosis in the patient. In general, other investigations are needed to diagnose the conditions above. For example, for diabetes mellitus, blood glucose checks (fasting, during, 2 hours after eating) and HbA1c can be checked.
Tracing the history of complaints and clinical symptoms in the patient is also needed to help diagnose.
Many things can cause a person to experience glucosuria, to be more certain, other tests need to be carried out, for example, kidney function, checking blood sugar, kidney ultrasound, etc.
So immediately return to the doctor who handles to be given the right treatment. You also need to pay attention to several things such as:
- Keep your food and drink intake to avoid fatty, high salt, or high sugar
- Take care of your fluid intake
- Avoid holding urine
- Keep blood sugar levels if you have diabetes
- Regular exercise
- Control stress
- Avoid alcoholic drinks and caffeinated drinks
- Drink plenty of water at least 2 liters per day