Reproductive system diseases and treatments. Pregnancy is the desire of most married couples. However, some female reproductive diseases complicate the expected pregnancy.
Several types of female reproductive diseases can cause this, including endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and polycystic ovary syndrome. In addition, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and pelvic inflammation are also known to trigger fertility problems.
Here’s more information about female reproductive diseases that are at risk of complicating pregnancy:
Endometriosis occurs when the uterine wall grows outside the uterine cavity. Tissue that grows outside the uterus can attach to and grow on the ovaries, fallopian tubes (fallopian tubes), or it can even reach other organs in the stomach. The endometrium will grow into scar tissue at the site where this tissue is implanted. This will make it difficult for the fallopian tubes to release eggs when attached to the fallopian tube. In addition to disturbing fertility, sufferers of endometriosis often complain of bothersome pain during menstruation.
Because it grows in an inappropriate place, the endometriosis that follows the menstrual cycle can become inflamed, leading to other conditions such as pelvic inflammation, which makes the uterine cavity less than optimal for the placement of a fertilized egg.
To treat endometriosis, doctors’ actions include removing scar tissue. If that doesn’t work, then there is a possibility that the doctor will recommend an IVF program or In Vitro Fertilization.
Fibroids are actually a group of uterine tissue cells. Some experts say, a fibroid that grows inside the wall or outside of the uterus, does not affect the pregnancy process. It’s just that, if these cells grow in the uterine cavity, it can complicate pregnancy. Some experts also think that the larger the fibroid in size, the more it will trigger fertility problems.
If fibroids are known to be a female reproductive disease that puts you at risk of complicating pregnancy, your doctor may recommend a surgical procedure to remove the fibroids. Studies show the fertility rate is higher after the surgical procedure.
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disorder of the endocrine system characterized by enlarged ovaries that contain fluid called follicles. The presence of follicles can be seen on ultrasound examination.
This syndrome can be identified by symptoms of irregular menstruation, acne, excessive hair growth, and these symptoms can worsen in people with obesity. Management of polycystic ovary syndrome is generally followed by a weight loss program, which can reduce long-term risks such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
Sexually transmitted disease
Sexually transmitted diseases that can be at risk of complicating pregnancy, for example, chlamydia and gonorrhea. Chlamydia can damage the fallopian tubes, even without the sufferer feeling any symptoms. Meanwhile, gonorrhea can block the fallopian tubes thus blocking the passage of the egg.
These effects can occur even several years after a woman is infected with this sexually transmitted disease. To deal with active infections from sexually transmitted diseases, the doctor will give antibiotics. Another follow-up procedure is laparoscopy. However, if the damage is difficult to repair, your doctor will likely recommend an IVF program.
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Generally, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) occurs when the upper reproductive tract becomes infected with bacteria from the vagina. Pelvic inflammation can lead to scarring. One of the effects of scar tissue is that it blocks the egg from entering the ovary tract, thereby interfering with fertility. Symptoms include lower abdominal pain, pain during intercourse, or changes in vaginal discharge.
Apart from being caused by sexually transmitted diseases, there are also other triggers such as infection due to miscarriage or abortion and the effects of a contraceptive inserted into the uterus. The habit of using vaginal cleansers can make the condition of the vagina change and bacteria can easily enter the upper reproductive tract.
Bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics to minimize the effect on the reproductive organs. In addition, there is also laparoscopic surgery if the scar tissue that appears is not too severe.
If you or your partner have reproductive diseases that are at risk of complicating pregnancy, consult a doctor immediately. Reproductive system diseases and treatments proper handling needs to be done to overcome this condition.