You may have wondered how the pregnancy process from conception, especially when it is done during ovulation. At this time, the possibility of fertilization will be greater, so the chances of getting pregnant are higher.
The ovulation period generally lasts about 2 weeks before the first day of the next menstruation begins. During ovulation, the ovaries or ovaries in a woman’s body will release mature eggs. This egg will then enter the fallopian tube and wait for the sperm to be fertilized.
Read also: How Do You Know If Your Period Is Coming Or Your Pregnant
Mature egg cells have a life span of only 24 hours. If within that time the egg is not fertilized, the egg will decay. This process is known as menstruation.
Understanding the Process of Occurrence of Pregnancy
Conception can occur within a few hours or a few days after the woman has finished having sex. A woman can be said to be pregnant when fertilization has occurred.
Broadly speaking, the following is the pregnancy process from conception in a woman’s body:
After intercourse, about 300 million sperm cells will enter the vagina. However, only hundreds of sperm cells will reach the fallopian tube, which is the location where the egg is located.
Of the hundreds of sperm, only one sperm managed to meet the egg. After the egg and sperm meet, fertilization will occur.
In some cases, the ovaries may produce two mature eggs. If both egg cells are successfully fertilized by 2 sperm cells, there will be non-identical twin pregnancies or also called fraternal twins.
The pregnancy process from conception. Within 24 hours after fertilization occurs, the egg will turn into a zygote. This zygote will then develop into an embryo or future fetus and attach to the uterine wall within 5-10 days after fertilization.
At this stage, women who have entered the early stages of pregnancy may experience brown spots or light bleeding for about 1-2 days. This bleeding is called implantation bleeding. However, not all women experience it.
After implantation occurs, the amniotic sac and placenta are formed as a source of nutrition for the fetus. The placenta will also start releasing the pregnancy hormone hCG which can be detected through a urine test.
Other signs and symptoms of pregnancy may also be felt by women in early pregnancy, such as nausea and changes in the breasts.
When Does a Pregnancy Test Show a Positive Result?
What if there are no eggs that can be fertilized when sperm enters after intercourse? Don’t worry, sperm can survive in a woman’s body for up to 5 days.
However, keep in mind, the struggle of sperm to reach the egg is still long and along the way, the number of sperm will decrease.
To ensure that pregnancy has occurred, you can do a pregnancy test with a test pack at least 3-4 weeks after the first day of your last menstruation or 2-3 weeks after you had sex during your fertile period.
For those of you who are planning a pregnancy, it is advisable to have intercourse during ovulation to increase the chances of pregnancy. You can also try several sex positions which are believed to make it easier for sperm to enter the uterus and fertilize the egg.
However, if you have an irregular menstrual cycle or find it difficult to determine your fertile period, try to consult an obstetrician for the best advice.