Polycystic ovary syndrome electrolysis or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormone disorder that occurs in women of childbearing age. PCOS sufferers experience menstrual disorders and have excessive levels of masculine hormones (androgens).
Excess androgen hormones in people with PCOS can cause the ovaries or ovaries to produce lots of fluid-filled sacs. As a result, the egg is not fully developed and fails to be released regularly.
The result of the polycystic ovarian syndrome can also cause sufferers to be infertile (infertile) and more susceptible to diabetes and high blood pressure.
Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovary syndrome symptoms can arise when a woman has her first period at puberty. Although PCOS symptoms often appear during adolescence, there are also PCOS sufferers who only experience symptoms as adults or during certain periods, for example when they experience significant weight gain. The following are the symptoms of PCOS:
PCOS is often characterized by irregular or prolonged menstrual periods. For example, PCOS sufferers will only have menstrual periods less than 8-9 times a year. The distance between menstruation can be less than 21 days or more than 35 days, or menstrual blood can flow profusely.
Symptoms due to elevated androgen hormone levels
Increased levels of androgens in women with PCOS can cause male-like physical symptoms, such as the growth of dense hair on the face and body (hirsutism), as well as the appearance of severe acne and baldness.
Suffered from multiple ovarian cysts
In PCOS sufferers, cyst pockets can be found around the egg (ovary).
Dark skin tone
Some parts of the body with PCOS can become dark, especially in the folds, namely the folds of the neck, groin, and under the breasts.
When to see a doctor
Check with your doctor if you have PCOS symptoms, such as irregular menstruation. The untreated polycystic ovarian syndrome can make it difficult for sufferers to become pregnant or be infertile because eggs cannot be released (no ovulation).
PCOS sufferers who are pregnant are also at risk of giving birth to babies prematurely, having miscarriages, suffering from high blood pressure, and developing gestational diabetes. Therefore, do routine control to an obstetrician during pregnancy so that the health condition of the mother and fetus is monitored.
Causes of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
Until now, it is not certain what causes PCOS. However, several factors are suspected to be the cause of PCOS, namely:
Excess insulin hormone
The hormone insulin is a hormone that lowers blood sugar levels. Excess insulin will make the body increase the production of androgen hormones and reduce the body’s sensitivity to insulin.
This is because some PCOS sufferers also have family members who have PCOS.
Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
No test can be done to diagnose PCOS immediately. Therefore, doctors will ask whether there are symptoms of the polycystic ovarian syndrome in sufferers. In addition, the doctor will also perform a physical examination to find signs of this disease.
A physical exam is done to look for excess hair growth or any severe acne. This physical examination also includes a deep examination to examine the female reproductive organs.
After the physical examination is carried out, the doctor will carry out supporting examinations which include:
- Blood tests, to check levels of androgen hormones, blood sugar tolerance tests, and cholesterol levels, which are often elevated in people with PCOS.
- Pelvic ultrasound, to check the thickness of the patient’s uterine lining with the help of sound waves.
If the patient is confirme to have PCOS, the doctor will perform several other tests to detect complications that may occur due to PCOS.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Treatment
Treatment for each PCOS sufferer is different, depending on the symptoms they are experiencing, such as infertility, hirsutism, or severe acne. In general, PCOS can handle in the following ways:
Your doctor will recommend exercise and a low-calorie diet for weight loss. This is because the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome will subside along with the patient’s weight loss. Exercise is also useful for increasing the effectiveness of the drug and helping increase fertility for people with PCOS.
Doctors can give birth control pills in combination with other drugs to control the menstrual cycle. The hormones estrogen and progesterone in birth control pills can suppress the production of androgen hormones in the body.
Doctors may also recommend taking the hormone progesterone alone for 10-14 days for 1-2 months. The use of this hormone can regulate a disrupted menstrual cycle.
Other medicines that can be used to normalize the menstrual cycle and help with ovulation are:
In addition to birth control pills, to reduce the symptoms of hirsutism due to excess androgen hormones, doctors can give you the drug spironolactone. Spironolactone can counteract the effects of androgens on the skin, namely dense hair growth and severe acne.
Polycystic ovary syndrome electrolysis specific medical procedures
Apart from some of the above treatment methods. The doctor can advise the patient to perform electrolysis to remove body hair. With low electric current, electrolysis will destroy the hair follicles in several treatments.
Polycystic ovary syndrome electrolysis complications
Untreated PCOS can put sufferers at risk for the following complications:
- Sleep disturbance
- Eating disorders
- Anxiety disorders and depression
- Miscarriage or premature birth of a baby
- Hypertension during pregnancy
- Diabetes and gestational diabetes
- Metabolic syndrome
- Endometrial cancer
Prevention of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
PCOS is difficult to prevent, but maintaining a healthy body weight can reduce the symptoms and risk of complications. Here are ways to maintain ideal body weight:
Limit consumption of sweet foods
Increase the consumption of fiber