The risk of miscarriage in early pregnancy can occur because of the mother’s medical history. For example, if the mother has blood clots because it can block the flow of oxygen in the blood from the mother to the baby.
Most mothers feel a little relieved after going through a vulnerable period in the first trimester of pregnancy. This is due to the assumption of pregnancy, which says that the first trimester is more prone to miscarriage than the second trimester. In fact, the vulnerable period of pregnancy is actually not completely over, without exception in the second trimester.
That is, the risk of miscarriage still lurks during the pregnancy period. However, why does the risk of miscarriage in the second trimester still lurk? Come on, see the explanation here!
Risk of Miscarriage in the Second Trimester
The risk of miscarriage in early pregnancy can occur because of the mother’s medical history. For example, if the mother has a history of hypertension, diabetes, hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, and blood clotting disorders, aka APS (Antiphospholipid Syndrome).
If the mother has APS, the condition can block the flow of oxygen in the blood from the mother to the baby.
Well, if the volume of oxygen for your little one is reduced, it could threaten his life. If it occurs in the first trimester, your little one can be strong against the inhibition of oxygen intake, but his weight growth will be disrupted.
As the gestational age increases, the condition will also weaken. When the baby enters the third month to the fourth month, he has the potential to die in the womb.
Read also: Signs Your Baby Is In Distress In The Womb
Things You Can Do to Reduce the Risk of Miscarriage in Early Pregnancy
How to reduce the risk of miscarriage in early pregnancy. In order to minimize the risk of miscarriage, there are several things that mothers need to do in early pregnancy, including:
1. Pay attention to diet
Eating vegetables, fruit, meat, and fish that are rich in protein is very important. Not only for the mother but also for the growth of the child in the womb. Should avoid fast food and raw food that is not good for the content.
2. Monitor blood pressure
It could be that the mother’s blood pressure in the first trimester is normal, but entering the second trimester the blood pressure rises. So mothers should routinely check every month in order to monitor blood pressure. Especially for mothers who have a history of high blood pressure in the family.
3. Pay attention to Weight
In the first trimester, ideally, mothers experience a weight gain of one to two kilograms per month. Meanwhile, when entering the second trimester, ideally your weight will increase by 0.5 kilograms per week.
4. Don’t Underestimate Complaints
If in the first trimester the mother feels fine, then try to pay attention to her health condition in the second trimester, especially if you often feel dizzy. It could be because of low blood pressure.
Entering the second trimester, the weight and size of the pregnancy will increase. This condition can certainly make you feel sore around the waist and dizzy.
It’s best to immediately consult a doctor before taking any medical action such as taking headache medicine. Then, if there are indications of swollen feet, you should check the cause.
Swollen legs can be caused by pregnancy poisoning, preeclampsia, or sitting too long.
5. Fetal and Amniotic Health Check
Mothers need to constantly monitor the suitability of fetal weight growth in the womb based on gestational age. In addition, be sure to also monitor the development of the baby’s amniotic fluid.
This is because the amniotic fluid is shaped like a balloon, and in any trimester there is a potential for the water to leak. If the amniotic fluid leaks, then this can cause a decrease in the volume of water so that it threatens the safety of the life of the fetus.
Read also: Low Amniotic Fluid At 32 Weeks
6. Prevent the Risk of Infection Early on
Some types of infections such as flu and pneumonia can lower the mother’s immune system. Therefore, make sure the mother regularly washes her hands with soap and water.
In addition, the mother also needs to discuss with her doctor about vaccinations that may be needed during pregnancy.
7. Fulfill your intake of folic acid well
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), taking 400 micrograms of folic acid daily during pregnancy can reduce the risk of birth defects that cause miscarriage. Therefore, make sure the mother meets the intake of folate properly during pregnancy.
That’s an explanation of the risk of miscarriage in the second trimester. The risk of miscarriage in the second trimester can occur because of the mother’s medical history.
Therefore, make sure to always check your condition and meet the important nutritional needs during pregnancy.
The goal is that the health of the mother and womb can be maintained properly. To meet these nutritional intakes, mothers can consume healthy foods as well as pregnancy supplements.