Foods to Eat When Pregnant First Trimester And What Are Their Types

foods to eat when the pregnant first trimester
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What foods are good for pregnant women to eat in the early trimester of pregnancy?.  foods to eat when pregnant first trimester that is good for consumption are all types of food that contain important nutrients, namely carbohydrates, protein, healthy fats, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Not only for the health of pregnant women, but the nutrients in these foods also play an important role in fetal growth.

The first three months of pregnancy are the most important phase for the growth and development of the fetus in the womb. In that period, the fetal organs are forming.
If pregnant women do not apply a healthy lifestyle, including eating a balanced nutritious diet, the fetal cells that will develop into organs of the body can be damaged or not formed properly. As a result, there can be birth defects, even miscarriages.

Therefore, pregnant women need to know the types of foods to eat when the pregnant first trimester

Read also: Are There Foods To Avoid When Pregnant First Trimester?

These are foods to eat when the pregnant first trimester

Carbohydrates, protein, healthy fats, fiber, vitamins, and minerals are nutrients need in the first trimester and throughout pregnancy. Many of these nutritional elements are contained in the following types of food:

Green vegetables

Some examples of green vegetables that are good for pregnant women to consume in the first trimester are broccoli, spinach, collards, kale, and cabbage. These types of vegetables contain a variety of nutrients pregnant women need, such as vitamin c, vitamin k, calcium, iron, fiber, folate, potassium, and antioxidants.

Also, the high fiber content in it can prevent constipation in pregnant women. Eating green vegetables believe to reduce the risk of babies born with low birth weight.

Read also: Pregnancy Foods To Avoid Which Endanger The Health Of The Fetus

Nuts foods to eat when the pregnant first trimester

Examples are soybeans, string beans, peas, peanuts, and lentils. The high folate content in nuts is very good for consumption by pregnant women, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy. Folate is useful for preventing babies from developing neural tube defects and being born with low birth weight.


Like green vegetables, fruits also contain lots of vitamins, minerals, and fiber that can maintain digestive health and prevent constipation. Types of fruits that are good for pregnant women to consume in the first trimester are oranges, papayas, mangoes, melons, avocados, strawberries, bananas, and kiwi.

It is recommended to consume 5 servings of fruit with a different color every day. Not only fresh fruit, but pregnant women can also consume fruit juices. But remember, pregnant women, first wash these fruits until they are completely clean before eating or processing them.

Avoid adding sugar or sweeteners to the fruit to eat because it can increase blood sugar levels and damage teeth.

Read also: What The Pregnancy Nutrition That Must Be Known?

Milk and dairy products

Milk and various dairy products, such as yogurt and cheese, are good for consumption by pregnant women in the first trimester. This is because milk is rich in calcium and protein needed for fetal growth and bone health for pregnant women. Also, milk contains phosphorus, b vitamins, magnesium, and zinc, as well as probiotics to support digestive health.

We recommend that you choose milk or dairy products that are low in fat and sugar, and avoid consuming unpasteurized milk or dairy products because of the risk of containing bacteria that are harmful to pregnant women and the fetus.

Fish, eggs, and meat

Some foods are also good for consumption by pregnant women in the first trimester. Fish is a good source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids. Which are good for the development of the brain and nervous system of the fetus.

Types of fish that should be consumed by pregnant women are fish that do not contain a lot of mercury, such as catfish, mackerel, tilapia, tilapia, goldfish, salmon, and tuna.

Eggs, chicken, and beef are also good sources of high-quality protein. Also, iron and vitamin b in it need by pregnant women to prevent anemia and reduce the risk of premature birth or low birth weight babies.

But when you want to eat it, make sure that is well processed and cooked until it is completely cooked.

Read also: Pregnancy Insomnia Treatment Second Trimester – Third Trimester

Food sources of carbohydrates good to eat when the pregnant first trimester

Foods high in carbohydrates include rice, potatoes, bread, biscuits, and cereals. Carbohydrates need pregnant women as a source of energy for activities. Also, carbohydrates are needed in the process of forming fetal organs during the first trimester of pregnancy.

It is no less important to note during the first trimester of pregnancy is an adequate intake of fluids every day. Pregnant women recommend drinking water at least 8-10 glasses a day to prevent dehydration.

For pregnant women and the fetus to be healthy. Make sure the pregnant woman’s dinner plate contains one of each food group. For pregnant women in the first-trimester mentioned above. To meet nutritional needs during pregnancy, pregnant women can also take pregnancy supplements. This supplement can be prescribed by an obstetrician when pregnant women undergo a pregnancy examination.

Don’t forget, pregnant women need to eat more to meet the needs of the fetus. But that doesn’t mean pregnant women have to eat twice as much. In order not to feel nauseous, pregnant women can work around this by eating smaller portions but more often.

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